The Impact of the Norman Invasion on Anglo-Saxon Gardens

Anglo-Saxons encountered extraordinary changes to their day-to-day lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. 315316_3503_bricks__13306.jpg At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in building design and cultivation. But nevertheless home life, household architecture, and decoration were out of the question until the Normans taken over the entire population. Castles were more fundamental constructions and often erected on blustery hills, where their tenants devoted both time and space to practicing offense and defense, while monasteries were major stone buildings, regularly positioned in the widest, most fruitful hollows. Gardening, a peaceful occupation, was unfeasible in these fruitless fortifications. The early Anglo-Norman style of architecture is symbolized in Berkeley Castle, which is conceivably the most untouched sample we have. The keep is said to date from the time of William the Conqueror. A big terrace intended for exercising and as a way to stop enemies from mining under the walls runs about the building. On one of these terraces lies a stylish bowling green: it is covered in grass and flanked by an old yew hedge that is formed into the shape of rough ramparts.

The Godfather Of Roman Water Fountains

In Rome’s city center, there are countless famous fountains. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the greatest sculptors and artists of the 17th century designed, conceived and built almost all of them. Also a city architect, he had capabilities as a fountain designer, and marks of his life's work are evident throughout the avenues of Rome. Bernini's father, a recognized Florentine sculptor, mentored his young son, and they finally moved in Rome, to thoroughly express their art in the form of community water fountains and water fountains. The juvenile Bernini was an exemplary employee and received compliments and backing of significant artists as well as popes. At the beginning he was known for his sculptural expertise. An expert in historical Greek architecture, he used this knowledge as a foundation and melded it seamlessly with Roman marble, most remarkably in the Vatican. Although many artists had an impact on his work, Michelangelo had the most profound effect.

Roman Wall Fountains: Michelangelo’s Masterpieces

Two Florentine sculptors by the names of Michelangelo and Ammannati created the first Roman wall fountains during the 16th century. The earliest fountain Michelangelo designed came in 1536 with the construction of the Campidoglio in Rome which was to be part of the Palazzo Senatorio's façade.

The development of a conduit from the Aqua Felice to the Capitol, which allowed for a more spectacular water display, was included years later. Michelangelo had anticipated this, however, and used a bigger basin styled on the art of the late Cinquecento.

Was the well-known maestro the inventor of the wall fountain? The fountain types seen in Italy definitely show the influence of his designs. Today, this structural look is found at the Fountain of the River Gods at the Villa Lante, Bagnaia 1, and the Fountain of the Mugnone arranged among the stairs on the primary axis of the Villa Pratolino.

It seemed to be Michelangelo’s predestination to combine classic Roman characteristics into his fountains instead of using his own remarkable talents to design original pieces. The Florentine master was commissioned by Julius III (1550-1555) to design a unique fountain to be placed at the top of the passageway of the Belvedere in the Vatican. The famed artist was asked to design a marble figure of Moses striking a stone from which water streamed forth. Rather than making the Moses sculpture, which would take too much time to finish, an antique figure of Cleopatra was used in its place, however. Producing a new design by the renown sculptor was thought to be more complicated than placing an ancient figure above the fountain.

Landscape Elegance: Outdoor Fountains

Having a pond near your outdoor water fountain is no longer required because they can now be placed on a wall near by. Due to the myriad possibilities available, it no longer necessary to deal with excavations, difficult installations or cleaning the pond. Since this feature is self-contained, no plumbing is needed. Regularly adding water is the only necessity. Your pond and the nearby area are certain to get dirty at some point so be sure to drain the water from the basin and fill it with clean water.

The most utilized materials employed to construct garden wall fountains are stone and metal, even though they can be made out of any number of other elements. The design you are looking for dictates which material is most appropriate to meet your needs. Outdoor wall fountains come in many forms and sizes, therefore ensure that the style you choose to purchase is hand-crafted, easy to hang and lightweight. Having a fountain which demands little maintenance is important as well. Even though installing certain fountains can be hard, the majority take little work because the only parts which need special care are the re-circulating pump and the hardware to hang them. You can rest assured your garden can be easily enlivened by putting in this type of fountain.

Admire the Beauty of The Cascade Water Fountain at Chatsworth Garden

At the back of Chatsworth House, the Cascade garden fountain forms a stunning focal point to the gardens. Twenty-four irregularly positioned stone steps stretch down the hillside for 200 yards towards the residence. The Cascade, also completely gravity fed, is based on a 17th century French concept. Created for the initial Duke of Devonshire in 1696, this water fountain has continued the same ever since. The Cascade House stands at the peak of the fountain where water flows downward. Adorned on the outside with ocean creatures in bas-relief, the house is a small building. Water pressure to the Cascade can easily be boosted on special occasions, causing the Cascade House to become a part of the Cascade spectacle, as water moves through conduits on its rooftop and from the mouths of its carved sea creatures, before proceeding down the Cascade. The shape of every step was made slightly different and means that the sound of the water cascading may vary as it descends the Cascades, providing a remarkable and calming complement to a walk through the gardens. Back in 2004, Chatsworth's Cascade was recognized by historians at Country Life as the best water feature in England.

Do Pets Appreciate Outdoor Fountains?

House pets may be wary of a new water feature so be certain to take them into account before buying one.

Your pooch could think that your stand-alone fountain looks like a big pond to drink from or a pool in which to swim. Your beloved pets will probably take well to a water element in your outdoor area. Give some thought to the best place to put your fountain if you do not want birds to use it as a bathing pond. If you intend to purposely attract birds, however, putting in a birdbath is a good solution. The indoor use of wall water fountains is altogether possible if wish to avoid these issues. Exclusive mansions, in addition to dentist’ and doctors’ practices, often have such fountains on show.

What Are Outdoor Fountains Made From?

Though they come in various materials, modern garden fountains tend to be made of metal. Metals tend to produce clean lines and unique sculptural accents and can fit almost any design theme or budget. Your outdoor design should complement the style of your home.

A common choice today is copper, and it is used in the crafting of many sculptural garden fountains. Copper is popular for both inside and outside use and is frequently found in tabletop and cascade fountains, among others. Copper fountains also come in a huge array of designs - from fun and eccentric to modern and cutting-edge.

Also common, brass fountains often have a more old-fashioned style to them versus their copper counterpart. Even though they are a bit old-fashioned, brass fountains are quite common because they often include interesting artwork.

Of all the metals, stainless steel is seen as the most contemporary-looking. For an immediate increase in the value and comfort of your garden, get one of the contemporary steel designs. Just like other water features, they come in a variety of sizes.

Because it is both lighter and more affordable than metal but has a similar look, fiberglass is quite common for fountains. Caring for a fiberglass water fountain is quite easy, another benefit that consumers like.


The Dispersion of Outdoor Fountain Design Technology
The published papers and illustrated pamphlets of the time contributed to the advancements of scientific innovation, and were the primary means of dissiminating useful hydraulic concepts and water feature suggestions all through Europe. In the late 1500's, a French... read more
The Distribution of Garden Water Fountains Manufacturing Knowledge in Europe
The published documents and illustrated pamphlets of the day contributed to the evolution of scientific innovation, and were the primary means of transmitting useful hydraulic information and water... read more
Outdoor Fountain Engineers Through History
Fountain designers were multi-talented individuals from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, often working as architects, sculptors, artisans, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one person. ... read more
Ancient Outside Water Fountain Designers
Often serving as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, fountain designers were multi-talented... read more
The City Of Rome, Gian Bernini, And Outdoor Water Fountains
There are countless famous water fountains in Rome’s city center. Gian Lorenzo Bernini, one of the best sculptors and artists of the 17th century planned, conceived and produced virtually all of them. Also a city architect, he had... read more