How Mechanical Designs of Fountains Spread

p_700__62252.jpg The circulated documents and illustrated pamphlets of the time contributed to the advancements of scientific technology, and were the primary means of dissiminating useful hydraulic concepts and water fountain ideas throughout Europe. An internationally celebrated leader in hydraulics in the later part of the 1500's was a French water fountain engineer, whose name has been lost to history. His experience in developing landscapes and grottoes with incorporated and brilliant water fountains began in Italy and with commissions in Brussels, London and Germany. The publication, “The Principles of Moving Forces,” authored towards the end of his life in France, turned into the definitive text on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. The book modified important hydraulic discoveries since classical antiquity as well as describing modern hydraulic technologies. Archimedes, the creator of the water screw, had his work highlighted and these included a mechanical means to move water. An ornamental fountain with the sun heating the water in two containers hidden in a adjacent accommodation was displayed in one illustration. What occurs is the heated water expanded, rises and locks up the piping leading to the fountain, and thus leading to stimulation. The book also includes garden ponds, water wheels, water feature creations.

When and Where Did Water Features Emerge?

Pope Nicholas V, himself a learned man, ruled the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455 during which time he commissioned many translations of ancient classic Greek texts into Latin.

He undertook the embellishment of Rome to turn it into the model capital of the Christian world. Beginning in 1453, the ruined ancient Roman aqueduct known as the Aqua Vergine which had brought clean drinking water into the city from eight miles away, underwent restoration at the behest of the Pope. Building a mostra, a grandiose celebratory fountain built by ancient Romans to memorialize the arrival point of an aqueduct, was a tradition revived by Nicholas V. The architect Leon Battista Alberti was commissioned by the Pope to construct a wall fountain where we now see the Trevi Fountain. The Trevi Fountain as well as the well-known baroque fountains located in the Piazza del Popolo and the Piazza Navona were eventually supplied with water from the modified aqueduct he had reconstructed.

How your Company Can Benefit from a Water Fountain

Most clients love water fountains. If you have a business or store, having a water fountain will likely bring in more clients and set you apart from others. Having a visible water feature outside retailers such as yoga studios, bookstores, coffee shops, salons can a great impact on business. For businesses where people like to mingle outdoors, a water fountain can provide a soothing environment. A water fountain in a bar or restaurant can be a good way to attract lovers on a date.

Greece: Architectural Sculpture

Historically|Traditionally|In the past}, the vast majority of sculptors were compensated by the temples to decorate the involved pillars and archways with renderings of the gods, however as the period came to a close it grew to be more accepted for sculptors to present ordinary people as well because many Greeks had begun to think of their institution as superstitious rather than sacred. Portraiture, which would be acknowledged by the Romans upon their annexation of Greek civilization became customary as well, and wealthy families would often commission a portrayal of their forebears to be added in immense familial tombs. During the many years of The Greek Classical period, a time of visual progress, the use of sculpture and other art forms changed, so it is inaccurate to think that the arts delivered just one function. Greek sculpture is perhaps attractive to us nowadays as it was an avant-garde experiment in the ancient world, so it does not matter whether or not its original function was religious zeal or artistic pleasure.

Water Features and Your Pets

Putting in an outdoor water fountain or a bird feeder will allow you to delight in the natural presence of wildlife or pets. Drinking, washing, and grooming are some of the things birds need to do. Birds such as robins, thrushes, orioles, or warblers are normally attracted to the active water of fountains. Many birds prefer moving water versus standing water, making an outdoor fountain even more appealing than a bowl-shaped bird bath. Trickling fountains which spatter water have a more detectable sound, this attracting even more birds.

Dogs are attracted to fountains because they offer fresh water to drink. During scorching months of summer, cats and dogs will be outside searching for the absolute freshest water around. Because water in fountains is consistently moving, they do not need much cleaning, whereas the still water of birdbaths collect debris and require more care.

Water Fountain Engineers Through History

Often serving as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century, fountain designers were multi-talented people, Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was notable as a inspired genius, inventor and scientific expert. The forces of nature led him to examine the properties and motion of water, and due to his curiosity, he systematically recorded his findings in his now celebrated notebooks. Coupling inventiveness with hydraulic and landscaping mastery, early Italian fountain creators modified private villa settings into brilliant water exhibits full of symbolic implications and natural wonder. The humanist Pirro Ligorio supplied the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli and was celebrated for his skill in archeology, architecture and garden design. For the many lands close to Florence, other fountain developers were well versed in humanistic themes and ancient scientific texts, masterminding the incredible water marbles, water attributes and water humor.

The Tallest Fountains Around the World

Known as the King Fahd Fountain (1985) found in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, it is the highest continuously functioning fountain in the world. It propels water reaching 260 meters (853 feet) above the Red Sea.

Reaching water heights of 202 meters (663 feet), the World Cup Fountain in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), is recognized as the second highest worldwide.

Occupying third place is the Gateway Geyser (1995), located close to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri. Regarded as the highest fountain in the United States, it jets water 192 meters (630 feet) into the sky.

With water jetting 190 meters (620 feet) in the air, the Port Fountain in Karachi, Pakistan makes the list.

Number 4: On a typical day the water is limited to 91 meters (300 feet) at the Fountain Park feature in Fountain Hills, Arizona, but it is capable of pushing water up to 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are operating.

The Dubai Fountain opened in 2009 near to Burj Khalifa - the world's tallest building. Once every 1/2 hour, this fountain begins dancing to pre-recorded songs while shooting water 73 meters (240 feet) high. It also has extreme shooters, rarely used, which go as high as 150 meters (490 feet).

Jetting water up to 147 meters (482 feet) high, the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet (1970) in Canberra, Australia, comes in seventh.

Lastly is the Jet d’Eau (1951) in Geneva, Switzerland, which measures 140 meters (460 feet).


Builders of the First Fountains
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"Primitive" Greek Artistry: Large Statuary
The first freestanding statuary was designed by the Archaic Greeks, a distinguished accomplishment since until then the sole carvings in existence were reliefs cut into walls and pillars. For the most part the statues, or kouros figures, were of young... read more
Contemporary Garden Decor: Outdoor Fountains and their Beginnings
A water fountain is an architectural piece that pours water into a basin or jets it high into the air in order to provide drinkable water, as well as for decorative purposes. The main purpose of a fountain was originally strictly functional. ... read more
The Origins Of Outdoor Fountains
The incredible architecture of a fountain allows it to provide clean water or shoot water high into air for dramatic effect and it can also serve as an excellent design feature to complement your home. Pure practicality was the original role of fountains. ... read more