How Technical Designs of Fountains Spread

Dissiminating pragmatic hydraulic facts and water feature design ideas throughout Europe was accomplished with the written documents and illustrated books of the time. An internationally renowned innovator in hydraulics in the late 1500's was a French fountain designer, whose name has been lost to history. His expertise in designing landscapes and grottoes with built-in and ingenious water fountains began in Italy and with mandates in Brussels, London and Germany. He penned a book entitled “The Principles of Moving Forces” towards the conclusion of his lifetime while in France which became the basic tome on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. s-494__18747.jpg Replacing principal hydraulic discoveries of classical antiquity, the book also highlights modern hydraulic technologies. Dominant among these works were those of Archimedes, the inventor of the water screw, a mechanical method of moving water. Two hidden containers heated by sunlight in a area adjacent to the ornamental fountain were found in an illustration. The end result: the water fountain is stimulated by the hot water expanding and ascending up the conduits. Concepts for pumps, water wheels, water features and outdoor ponds are also mentioned in the publication.

Water Transport Solutions in Early Rome

Rome’s 1st elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; before that, people living at higher elevations had to depend on natural springs for their water. Over this time period, there were only 2 other innovations capable of offering water to higher areas, subterranean wells and cisterns, which accumulated rainwater. Beginning in the sixteenth century, a brand new program was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean portions to generate water to Pincian Hill. Pozzi, or manholes, were made at regular intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. Although they were initially designed to make it possible to service the aqueduct, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi started using the manholes to collect water from the channel, starting when he bought the property in 1543. It seems that, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t enough to fulfill his needs. Through an orifice to the aqueduct that ran under his property, he was in a position to satisfy his water wants.

What Are Large Garden Fountains Made From?

Though they come in various materials, today’s garden fountains tend to be made of metal.

Those made from metals have clean lines and unique sculptural elements, and are flexible enough to fit any budget and decor. The interior design of your residence should establish the look and feel of your yard and garden as well.

A prevalent choice today is copper, and it is used in the designing of many sculptural garden fountains. Copper is trendy for both inside and outside use and is widely found in tabletop and cascade fountains, among others. Copper fountains also come in a vast array of designs - from fun and eccentric to modern and cutting-edge.

If you are drawn to more classic-looking water fountains, brass is probably the best option for you. You will see a lot of brass fountains, as their interesting artwork makes them trendy even if they are on the more traditional side.

Arguably the most cutting-edge of all metals is stainless steel. A cutting-edge steel design will quickly boost the value of your garden as well as the feeling of serenity. As with any type of fountain, they are available in many sizes.

Because it is both lighter and less expensive than metal but has a comparable look, fiberglass is quite common for fountains. Caring for a fiberglass water fountain is quite easy, another benefit that consumers like.

The Benefits of Water Fountains to your Life

There are many benefits to be gained from outdoor fountains including improved air quality as well as wonderful sounds and sights. They offer many health benefits and create a lovely setting to entertain loved ones. That said, once you set up your fountain you will likely take note of the myriad benefits it gives only you. You could be reminded of a fun vacation or trip you took. It might remind you of that special someone. It could also be made into a memorial to pay your respects to someone already passed. Whatever the case, it is something you will enjoy for many years.

Fountains Featuring Various Levels

For a long time now, multi-tiered fountains have been common, especially in gardens. Mediterranean countries such as Italy and Spain traditionally have countless tiered fountains. Common places to see them are in courtyards and city squares. While some tiered fountains have ornate designs including sculptures or artwork, others are very simple.

People love to feature them in spots having a classic look and feel. The fountain should look as old as the rest of the decor and fit in accordingly.

Tall Fountains Around the World

The King Fahd Fountain ( crafted in 1985) in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, has the tallest continually -running fountain on the planet. Attaining incredible heights above the Red Sea, this fountain jets water 260 meters (853 feet) in the sky.

Coming in second is the World Cup Fountain located in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002) with water shooting 202 meters (663 feet).

The Gateway Geyser (1995) situated next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri is number three on the list. It propels water 192 meters (630 feet) into the air and is currently the tallest fountain in the United States.

Next is Port Fountain (2006) in Karachi, Pakistan, where the water jets 190 meters (620 feet) high.

Number 4: Fountain Park (1970), Fountain Hills, Arizona - although it can reach heights of 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are in use, it only reaches 91 meters (300 feet) on a normal day.

The Dubai Fountain made its first appearance in 2009 close to the tallest building in the world, the Burj Khalifa. It dances to pre-recorded music every half hour and propels water to the height of 73 meters (240 feet) - it also has extreme shooters which reach 150 meters (490 feet), though these are only used on special occasions.

Number 7 is the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra, completed in 1970, launching water 147 meters (482 feet) high.

Last of all is the Jet d’Eau (1951) in Geneva, Switzerland, which measures 140 meters (460 feet).

Water Fountains and Wildlife

Putting in an outdoor water fountain or a bird feeder will allow you to enjoy the natural presence of wildlife or pets. All birds need a place to drink, bathe and preen. Birds such as robins, thrushes, orioles, or warblers are normally attracted to the flowing water of fountains. Many birds prefer moving water versus standing water, making an outdoor fountain even more enticing than a bowl-shaped bird bath. Trickling fountains that splash around are audible from far away, attracting even more birds.

Dogs are attracted to fountains because they offer refreshing water to drink. During the sweltering summer months, dogs and cats will be outside searching for fresh water. Also, routinely coursing water fountains require less upkeep than the still water of a birdbath that tend to get dirtier.


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