Original Water Supply Techniques in The City Of Rome

Previous to 273, when the very first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was made in Roma, residents who dwelled on hillsides had to journey even further down to get their water from natural sources. When aqueducts or springs weren’t easily accessible, people living at greater elevations turned to water drawn from underground or rainwater, which was made available by wells and cisterns. p_627__62874.jpg Beginning in the sixteenth century, a newer approach was introduced, using Acqua Vergine’s subterranean portions to generate water to Pincian Hill. Pozzi, or manholes, were engineered at standard intervals along the aqueduct’s channel. Whilst these manholes were developed to make it less difficult to protect the aqueduct, it was also possible to use buckets to pull water from the channel, which was done by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he bought the property in 1543 to his death in 1552. Apparently, the rainwater cistern on his property wasn’t sufficient to satisfy his needs. To give himself with a much more effective system to obtain water, he had one of the manholes opened, giving him access to the aqueduct below his property.

Aspects of Outdoor Statues in Archaic Greece

The first freestanding statuary was improved by the Archaic Greeks, a notable achievement since until then the only carvings in existence were reliefs cut into walls and columns. Most of the freestanding statues were of youthful, winsome male or female (kore) Greeks and are termed kouros figures. Representing beauty to the Greeks, the kouroi were made to look rigid and commonly had foot forward; the males were vigorous, robust, and nude. The kouroi became life-sized commencing in 650 BC. A huge age of modification for the Greeks, the Archaic period brought about newer forms of state, expressions of artwork, and a greater comprehension of people and customs outside of Greece. But these disputes did not prohibit the expansion of the Greek civilization. {

The Many Types of Garden Fountains

Gardens allow you to retreat into nature and be outside whenever you want. While there is a lot of work involved in getting a new one designed and built, it is worth the effort for anyone who will be using it. Investing in a gorgeous garden is good, as it will increase the “curb appeal” and value of your home. A water feature is not the only way to improve your landscape; consider adding trees and bushes, paving your driveway, or even putting in some eye-catching statues.

A water fountain can significantly transform the aesthetics of a garden. It will turn a plain area into a gorgeous place of peaceful tranquility. You are not the only one who will appreciate the serenity the sounds of the water create; you might also notice an increase in the number of birds and other friendly animals visiting. Before you know it, the entire garden or yard will have a new focal point.

Multi -Level Water Elements

Gardens are common places to showcase a tiered fountain, a style which has historically been very fashionable. You can see many of these fountains in Italy, Spain, and other Southern European nations. While they can be seen anywhere, they are most prevalent in the center of building complexes and in popular areas where people gather. Beautiful carvings can be found on some of the most lavish tiered fountains, while others have much simpler designs.

Any area can be enhanced with one, although a more traditional setting is sometimes more suitable. The fountain should blend right into the surroundings as if it has been there since the outset.

The Origins of Modern Wall Fountains

The translation of hundreds of ancient Greek texts into Latin was commissioned by the learned Pope Nicholas V who ruled the Church in Rome from 1397 till 1455. In order to make Rome deserving of being the capital of the Christian world, the Pope decided to enhance the beauty of the city. In 1453 the Pope commissioned the rebuilding of the Aqua Vergine, an historic Roman aqueduct which had carried clean drinking water into the city from eight miles away. The ancient Roman custom of building an imposing commemorative fountain at the location where an aqueduct arrived, also known as a mostra, was revived by Nicholas V. The Trevi Fountain now occupies the area previously filled with a wall fountain built by Leon Battista Albert, an architect commissioned by the Pope. The aqueduct he had refurbished included modifications and extensions which eventually allowed it to supply water to the Trevi Fountain as well as the famed baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and the Piazza Navona.

Chatsworth Garden: The Cascade Water Fountain

The Cascade garden fountain forms a incredible garden centerpiece at the rear of Chatsworth House. For 200 yards in direction of the house is a series of 24 irregularly spaced stone steps stretching all the way down the hillside. The Cascade, also totally gravity fed, is based on a 17th century French format. This water fountain has continued unmodified after being designed for the first Duke of Devonshire in 1696. The Cascade House rests at the very top of the fountain where water spills downward. A small structure, the residence is decorated on the external side with ocean creatures in bas-relief. Making the Cascade House to become part of the Cascade spectacle, on important occasions water pressure to the Cascade can be enhanced, as liquid runs through ducts on its roof and from the mouths of its carved deep-sea creatures, before continuing down the Cascade. The shape of each step was made slightly different and means that the music of the water falling differs as it descends the Cascades, providing a superb and wonderful complement to a walk through the gardens. Back in 2004, Chatsworth's Cascade was chosen by historians at Country Life as the best water feature in England.

A Smaller Garden Space? Don't Fret! You Can Still Have a Water Fountain

You can make your space look bigger due to the reflective effect of water. Dark materials increase the refractive properties of a fountain or water feature. If your objective is to highlight your new feature at night, underwater lights in varied colors and shapes will do the trick. profit from the sun’s rays by using eco-lights during the day and underwater lighting fixtures during the night. Natural therapies use them because they release a soothing effect which helps to relieve stress as well as anxiety.

Your backyard vegetation is a fantastic place to incorporate in your water feature. Turn your water feature such as a pond, artificial river, or fountain to turn the central piece of your backyard. Examples of places where you can install a water feature include large lawns or small patios. The ambience can be significantly altered by placing it in the best place and using the right accessories.


The Various Construction Materials of Wall fountains
Most contemporary garden fountains come in metal, although various other types exist. Metallic versions offer clean lines and unique sculptural accents and can accommodate nearly any decorative style and budget. The interior design of your house ... read more
Installation of a Water Fountain In Smaller Backyards
Since water is reflective, it has the effect of making a small spot appear larger than it is. Augmenting the reflective attributes of a fountain or water... read more
Wall Fountains As Water Features
A water feature is one which is a large element through which water runs. The broad variety of choices available vary from a simple hanging wall fountain to an elaborate courtyard tiered fountain. These products are so versatile that they can... read more
Exterior Water Features Come in Lots of Shapes and Sizes
Convert your garden into what you have always wanted – a haven of serenity. The comforting feeling provided by outdoor fountains is just one of the benefits of adding a water feature in your... read more