Rome’s Early Water Transport Systems

With the building of the first elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, people who lived on the city’s hills no longer had to rely solely on naturally-occurring spring water for their requirements. When aqueducts or springs weren’t available, people living at higher elevations turned to water removed from underground or rainwater, which was made possible by wells and cisterns. 6812_0703__48188.jpg In the early 16th century, the city began to use the water that ran below the ground through Acqua Vergine to deliver drinking water to Pincian Hill. Pozzi, or manholes, were engineered at standard stretches along the aqueduct’s channel. Whilst these manholes were developed to make it much easier to conserve the aqueduct, it was also possible to use buckets to remove water from the channel, which was practiced by Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi from the time he bought the property in 1543 to his death in 1552. Although the cardinal also had a cistern to amass rainwater, it didn’t provide sufficient water. To give himself with a more practical system to assemble water, he had one of the manholes opened, offering him access to the aqueduct below his residence.

The Cascade Fountain at Garden of Chatsworth

The Cascade garden fountain forms a dazzling main feature to the gardens and is located at the rear of Chatsworth House. Extending down the hillside for 200 yards towards the house is a series of 24 irregularly spaced stone steps. Based mostly on a 17th century French design, the Cascade is also totally gravity fed. This water fountain has continued unmodified after being Created for the first Duke of Devonshire in 1696. The Cascade House stands at the top of the fountain where water flows downward.

The dwelling, embellished on the exterior with marine creatures in bas-relief, is actually a small construction. Water pressure to the Cascade can be increased on special instances, causing the Cascade House to become a part of the Cascade display, as water flows through conduits on its roof and from the mouths of its carved sea creatures, prior to carrying on down the Cascade. The sounds of the water plunging fluctuates as it descends down the Cascades mainly because of the slight variance in the size of each and every step thereby supplying a fantastic and restful complement to a walk through the gardens. In 2004, Chatsworth's Cascade, was named England's best water feature.

Architectural Statuary in Early Greece

Sculptors garnished the elaborate columns and archways with renderings of the gods until the period came to a close and most Greeks had begun to think of their theology as superstitious rather than sacred; at that point, it grew to be more accepted for sculptors be paid to portray everyday individuals as well. Wealthy families would often times commission a rendering of their forefathers for their big family burial tombs; portraiture also became frequent and would be appropriated by the Romans upon their acquisition of Greek civilization. A point of artistic progression, the use of sculpture and alternate art forms morphed during the Greek Classical period, so it is not entirely accurate to assume that the arts provided only one function. It may possibly be the advanced quality of Greek sculpture that captivates our awareness today; it was on a leading-edge practice of the ancient world whether it was established for religious reasons or artistic pleasure.

The Many Construction Materials of Fountains

Garden fountains today are commonly made from metal, although you can find them in other materials too.

Metals tend to create clean lines and unique sculptural accents and can fit almost any design theme or budget. It is essential that your landscape reflects the style of your residence.

A prevalent choice today is copper, and it is used in the crafting of many sculptural garden fountains. Copper is used in cascade and tabletop water fountains as well as various other styles, making it versatile enough for inside and outside fountains. Copper fountains also come in a huge array of styles - from fun and eccentric to modern and cutting-edge.

Brass water fountains are also common, although they tend to have a more classic look than copper ones. You will see a lot of brass fountains, as their intricate artwork makes them common even if they are on the more traditional side.

Probably the most cutting-edge of all metals is stainless steel. A modern steel design will quickly increase the value of your garden as well as the feeling of serenity. Just like other water features, they come in an array of sizes.

For people who want the visual appeal of a metal fountain but prefer a lighter weight and more affordable option, fiberglass is the answer. Caring for a fiberglass water fountain is quite easy, another benefit that consumers like.

Garden Water Fountains Lost to History

Water fountains were at first practical in purpose, used to bring water from canals or creeks to cities and hamlets, supplying the inhabitants with clean water to drink, wash, and prepare food with. A supply of water higher in elevation than the fountain was required to pressurize the movement and send water squirting from the fountain's nozzle, a technology without equal until the later half of the 19th century. Typically used as monuments and commemorative structures, water fountains have influenced people from all over the globe all through the centuries. Rough in style, the first water fountains didn't look much like modern fountains. A stone basin, carved from rock, was the 1st fountain, utilized for containing water for drinking and ceremonial functions. Rock basins are believed to have been first made use of around the year 2000 BC. The first civilizations that used fountains depended on gravity to drive water through spigots. These historic fountains were created to be functional, commonly situated along reservoirs, streams and rivers to provide drinking water. Animals, Gods, and spectral figures dominated the initial ornate Roman fountains, starting to show up in about 6 B.C.. A well-designed system of reservoirs and aqueducts kept Rome's public fountains supplied with fresh water.

Anglo-Saxon Gardens at the Time of the Norman Conquest

Anglo-Saxons felt extraordinary changes to their daily lives in the latter half of the eleventh century due to the accession of the Normans. The Normans were much better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. But there was no time for home life, domestic design, and decoration until the Normans had overcome the whole region. Most often constructed upon windy peaks, castles were basic structures that enabled their inhabitants to spend time and space to offensive and defensive schemes, while monasteries were rambling stone buildings frequently added in only the most fecund, broad valleys. Tranquil pursuits such as gardening were out of place in these destitute citadels. Berkeley Castle is perhaps the most unchanged model in existence nowadays of the early Anglo-Norman form of architecture. The keep is said to date from William the Conqueror's time. A spacious terrace intended for strolling and as a means to stop enemies from mining below the walls runs around the building. On 1 of these terraces sits a quaint bowling green: it's covered in grass and flanked by an old yew hedge that is created into the shape of rough ramparts.

Ways to Introduce the Benefits of Feng Shui to Your Garden

Add feng shui design to the layout of your yard so it can bring energy into your residence.

As far as the size of your garden goes, it is not particularly important when incorporating feng shui design to it. A sizeable space is great for those fortunate enough to have it, but a more compact area can still be useful in feng shui design.

Feng shui techniques are identical whether you are working in your garden or your residence. As the energy map, or bagua, of your garden is an extension of your home's bagua, you will need to start by understanding the bagua of the house.

It is also important to know the five elements in the theory of feng shui and how best to use each one to make the most of its energy.

An example of this is that Earth is the feng shui element you should have in the northeast section of your garden because that part of your garden connects to the energy of personal growth and self-cultivation. A perfect addition to the northeast corner of your yard might be a tranquil Zen garden decorated with natural stone, as they represent the Earth element in feng shui.

Anyone thinking about adding a water element into their garden should place it in one of these feng shui areas: North (career & path in life), Southeast (money and abundance), or East (health & family).


The Original Outdoor Garden Fountains of History
Water fountains were originally practical in purpose, used to deliver water from canals or creeks to cities and hamlets, providing the inhabitants with fresh water to drink, wash, and prepare food with. Gravity was the power supply of water fountains up until the end of... read more
Can Water Wall Fountains Help Detoxify The Air?
You can beautify your living space by installing an indoor wall fountain. Your eyes, your ears and your health can be favorably influenced by including this kind of indoor... read more
Taking Care Of Outdoor Wall Fountains
An important facet to think about is the size of the outdoor wall fountain in respect to the space in which you are going to mount it. A strong wall is definitely... read more
A Small Garden Space? Don't Fret! You Can Still Have a Water Fountain
You can make your space appear bigger due to the reflective effect of water. Augmenting the reflective aspects of a fountain or water feature are possible by using dark materials. When the sun goes down, you can use submersed lights in different colors and shapes to... read more
Garden Fountains As Water Elements
The description of a water feature is a big element which has water flowing in or through it. The broad range of choices available vary from a simple hanging... read more
The Use of Garden Fountains As Water Features
The description of a water feature is a big element which has water flowing in or through it. The broad range of choices available vary from a simple hanging wall fountain to an... read more