Michelangelo’s Roman Wall Fountains

144531_5301_art__65810.jpg Michelangelo and Ammannati, two celebrated Florentine artists, made the first Roman wall fountains during the 16th century. The earliest fountain Michelangelo designed came in 1536 with the construction of the Campidoglio in Rome which was to make part of the Palazzo Senatorio's façade. A conduit from the Aqua Felice was built later and it brought water to the Capitol making a more impressive water effect possible. Michelangelo, however, had expected this which led to addition of a larger basin styled on the forms of the late Cinquecento.

Was the reknowned maestro the first to design wall fountains? The sculptor’s designs definitely impacted the future style of fountains in Italy. The Fountain of the River Gods at the Villa Lante, Bagnaia 1, and the Fountain of the Mugnone arranged between flights of stairs on the main axis of the Villa Pratolino are further models of this type of structure.

Sadly, Michelangelo was destined to put his own brilliance aside and combine classical elements into fountains based on Roman styles. Julius III (1550-1555) decided to have a fountain erected at the top of the Belvedere in the Vatican and instructed the Florentine master to design a special wall fountain. A marble statue of Moses striking a stone streaming water was to be built as decoration for the fountain. Unfortunately for the sculptor, this idea was turned down because it would take a lot of time to build and a traditional statue of Cleopatra was used instead. Creating a new design by the renown sculptor was considered more complicated than placing an ancient figure above the fountain.

Where did Garden Water Fountains Come From?

A water fountain is an architectural piece that pours water into a basin or jets it high into the air in order to provide drinking water, as well as for decorative purposes.

Originally, fountains only served a functional purpose. Residents of urban areas, townships and small towns utilized them as a source of drinking water and a place to wash up, which meant that fountains had to be connected to nearby aqueduct or spring. Up to the late nineteenth century, water fountains had to be near an aqueduct or reservoir and more elevated than the fountain so that gravity could make the water move downwards or shoot high into the air. Serving as an element of adornment and celebration, fountains also generated clean, fresh drinking water. Animals or heroes made of bronze or stone masks were often times used by Romans to decorate their fountains.

To illustrate the gardens of paradise, Muslim and Moorish garden planners of the Middle Ages introduced fountains to their designs. The fountains found in the Gardens of Versailles were meant to show the power over nature held by King Louis XIV of France. The Romans of the 17th and 18th centuries created baroque decorative fountains to exalt the Popes who commissioned them as well as to mark the spot where the restored Roman aqueducts entered the city.

Since indoor plumbing became the norm of the day for fresh, drinking water, by the end of the 19th century urban fountains were no longer needed for this purpose and they became purely ornamental. Fountains using mechanical pumps instead of gravity helped fountains to provide recycled water into living spaces as well as create unique water effects.

Embellishing city parks, honoring people or events and entertaining, are some of the uses of modern-day fountains.

A Solar Energy Powered Large Garden Fountains

Are you looking for the perfect piece to complement your home? Solar water features might be the answer - they are a perfect add-on to any home because they embellish the design and raise the price of your home. They offer all the valuable benefits of electric fountains, such as improving health and general well-being but they also provide tremendous financial rewards. While you may spend a little more upfront, the savings that you make in the long-run are worth it. Because your fountain will not be powered by electrical energy, there will be no need to fret about any power outages.

Running water fountains means that your use of electricity will increase and thus your monthly bill. Even though you might not instantly notice the short-term benefits, remember that your home will undoubtedly gain in value in the long-run.

The issue with using more electricity is not solely about our electric bills, the effect on the environment is considerable. Solar powered water fountains are fueled straight from the sun thus making them the ideal “green” fountain. Using solar energy to run our homes as well as a water feature is important because it also safeguards our environment.

This type of fountain needs less upkeep than others. As there is no electrical motor that can get clogged, little cleaning is required. Which ultimately means more time to relax in your yard.

How Many Variations of Garden Fountains Are There?

A garden can be a little oasis, providing you a tranquil place to stop and enjoy some outdoor time. If you are going to spend a lot of time in yours, it is worth the work it takes to do it correctly. A beautiful garden will augment any property value, as “curb appeal” is important to the market value. There are many ways to improve the visual beauty of a yard, like adding flowers and plants, artwork, an attractive pavement, or a water feature.

A significant enhancement to your garden can be realized by putting in a water fountain. Where you once had a plain area, you will now enjoy an outdoor wonderland. You are not the only one who will enjoy the serenity the sounds of the water create; you might also notice an increase in the number of birds and other friendly critters visiting. Your fountain will immediately turn into the focal point of your garden or yard.

Outdoor Water Features Found in Historical Documents

Towns and communities relied on practical water fountains to channel water for cooking, washing, and cleaning up from local sources like lakes, channels, or creeks. A supply of water higher in elevation than the fountain was needed to pressurize the movement and send water spraying from the fountain's spout, a technology without equal until the later half of the nineteenth century. Typically used as memorials and commemorative structures, water fountains have impressed men and women from all over the globe all through the ages. Crude in style, the first water fountains didn't look much like contemporary fountains. A natural stone basin, carved from rock, was the very first fountain, used for containing water for drinking and ceremonial purposes. 2000 B.C. is when the oldest identified stone fountain basins were used. Early fountains put to use in ancient civilizations depended on gravity to regulate the movement of water through the fountain. The location of the fountains was determined by the water source, which is why you’ll normally find them along reservoirs, waterways, or streams. The people of Rome began building elaborate fountains in 6 B.C., most of which were bronze or natural stone masks of wildlife and mythological characters. The impressive aqueducts of Rome furnished water to the incredible public fountains, many of which you can go see today.

Interior Wall Water Features Can Benefit You

For many years now, hospitals and health care facilities have used indoor fountains to create a stress-free, tranquil setting. Lightly cascading water lulls people into a state of meditation.

Quicker recovery is thought to be induced by indoor fountains as well. A number of sicknesses are thought to get better with their use, as such they are recommended by medical professionals and mental health therapists. PTSD patients as well as those suffering from severe sleeplessness are thought to feel better after listening to the soothing, gentle trickle of water.

A sense of safety and well-being is enhanced, according to quite a few studies, when you include an wall fountain in your home. The existence of water in our surroundings is essential to the continuation of our species and our planet.

The transformative power of water has long been considered as one of two crucial elements used in the teachings of feng-shui. The central tenet of feng-shui is that by harmonizing our interior environment we can achieve peace and balance. Our homes need to include some sort of water element. The best place to install a fountain is near your home’s entrance or in front of it.

If you are looking for a water wall that best suits your families’ needs consider one of the many types available including a mounted waterfall, a stand-alone water feature or a custom-built fountain. Having a fountain in a main room seems to affect people’s state of mind, their happiness as well as their level of contentment according to some research.

Anglo Saxon Grounds at the Time of the Norman Conquest

The introduction of the Normans in the second half of the 11th century irreparably altered The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. The Normans were better than the Anglo-Saxons at architecture and horticulture when they came into power. But yet there was no time for home life, domestic architecture, and decoration until the Normans had overcome the whole region. Most often built upon windy summits, castles were basic structures that allowed their occupants to devote time and space to offensive and defensive strategies, while monasteries were rambling stone buildings generally installed in only the most fecund, broad valleys. Gardening, a placid occupation, was impracticable in these fruitless fortifications. Berkeley Castle, perhaps the most unspoiled style of the early Anglo-Norman style of architecture, still exists today. It is said that the keep was developed during William the Conqueror's time. An enormous terrace encompasses the building, serving as an obstacle to attackers wanting to excavate under the castle walls. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an old yew hedge trimmed into the shape of crude battlements.


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