When and Where Did Water Fountains Originate?

Hundreds of classic Greek texts were translated into Latin under the authority of the scholarly Pope Nicholas V, who led the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455. Beautifying Rome and making it the worthy capital of the Christian world was at the heart of his ambitions. Starting in 1453, the ruined ancient Roman aqueduct known as the Aqua Vergine which had brought fresh drinking water into the city from eight miles away, underwent reconstruction at the bidding of the Pope. The ancient Roman custom of marking the entry point of an aqueduct with an imposing celebratory fountain, also known as a mostra, was restored by Nicholas V. The present-day location of the Trevi Fountain was formerly occupied by a wall fountain commissioned by the Pope and built by the architect Leon Battista Alberti. p-511__97779.jpg The Trevi Fountain as well as the renowned baroque fountains located in the Piazza del Popolo and the Piazza Navona were eventually supplied with water from the altered aqueduct he had rebuilt.

Things to Knowt When Installing a Garden Water Fountain

When thinking about where to install your garden fountain, do not forget that you will need somewhere to plug it in and a convenient source of water. Occasionally new owners get so caught up in the romanticism of their new purchase that they forget important details. If you need an extension cord to reach a 120v wall socket, feel free to use one, as conventional power cords are only 12 feet long. You will also require a water supply close by so that you can effortlessly fill your water fountain. Carrying water is difficult and laborious. A nearby hose is helpful when time comes to fill the fountain. If you have an specialist on hand, you may want to consider getting a water fountain autofill with a connection to an external water line, as this would be much less difficult in the long run.

Things to Consider When Selecting a Fountain

It is important to think about how a water fountain will fit into your garden before buying one. Roundabouts and drives are ideal spots for them.

It is also possible to buy a fountain made specifically to be placed against a wall. Typically, they have something on the back of them like a hook or a bar with which you can use to affix them to a wall, post, or some other secure place. Such fountains are unstable on their own, therefore, be sure to affix it right away so that it does not fall over as a result of weather conditions, animals or other natural occurrences.

A popular place to add a garden sculpture is commonly in areas where people gather to relax and enjoy the scenery.

Tall Fountains Across the World

Located in Jeddah, Saudi Arabia, the King Fahd Fountain (1985) is the tallest continually-functioning fountain in the world. The water reaches the fantastic height of 260 meters (853 feet) above the Red Sea.

Reaching water heights of 202 meters (663 feet), the World Cup Fountain in the Han-Gang River in Seoul, Korea (2002), is recognized as the 2nd highest worldwide.

Located next to the Mississippi River in St. Louis, Missouri, is 3rd placed Gateway Geyser (1995). This fountain is regarded as the tallest in the U.S. with water reaching up to 192 meters (630 feet).

Next is Port Fountain (2006) in Karachi, Pakistan, where the water shoots 190 meters (620 feet) high.

Number 4: Fountain Park (1970), Fountain Hills, Arizona - although it can reach heights of 171 meters (561 feet) when all three pumps are operating, it only reaches 91 meters (300 feet) on a normal day.

The Dubai Fountain made its first appearance in 2009 close to the tallest building in the world, the Burj Khalifa. It dances to pre-recorded music every half hour and propels water to the height of 73 meters (240 feet) - it also has extreme shooters which reach 150 meters (490 feet), though these are only used on special occasions.

Built in 1970, the Captain James Cook Memorial Jet in Canberra, Australia, comes in at #7 shooting water up to 147 meters (482 feet).

And at number 8, we have the the Jet d'eau, in Geneva (1951), measuring 140 meters (460 feet).

Pay Homage to a Cherished One with a Fountain

For a cherished one you have lost, a garden fountain could make a wonderful memorial. These days people no longer observe outdated practices. Yet most societies even today create memorials to honor their dead. Some memorials might incorporate a number of personal objects. They come in many shapes and sizes, and backyard garden fountains are really widespread. Including photographs, planting a tree or flowers, attaching a customized plaque, or holding a vigil at the fountain to pay tribute are ways you can make it more personal.

You can pay homage to the deceased in unique and personal ways with garden fountains. Prosperity, achievement, and good fortune all are symbolized by the running water which celebrates the memory of the deceased. Whatever sort of garden fountain you select as a memorial, make sure it is long lasting, high quality, and able to withstand any type of weather. You will want to ensure that your memorial will endure many years once in place.

Attributes of Outdoor Statuary in Archaic Greece

The Archaic Greeks manufactured the very first freestanding statuary, an amazing achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. For the most part the statues, or kouros figures, were of adolescent and nice-looking male or female (kore) Greeks. Representing beauty to the Greeks, the kouroi were made to look rigid and always had foot in front; the males were vigorous, sturdy, and naked. The kouroi became life-sized starting in 650 BC.

The Archaic period was turbulent for the Greeks as they evolved into more polished forms of federal government and art, and obtained more data about the peoples and cultures outside of Greece. But in spite of the disputes, the Greek civilization continued to progress, unabated.

Roman Wall Fountains: Michelangelo’s Masterpieces

The 16th century saw the construction of the first Roman wall fountains, the designs of two celebrated Florentine sculptures, Michelangelo and Ammannati. The earliest fountain Michelangelo designed came in 1536 with the building of the Campidoglio in Rome which was to make part of the Palazzo Senatorio's façade. Built some years later, a conduit from the Aqua Felice was added which brought water into the Capitol allowing a greater water display. Michelangelo, however, had expected this which led to choice of a larger basin styled on the forms of the late Cinquecento.

The question remains as to whether the celebrated maestro was the first to build wall fountains. The sculptor’s designs absolutely shaped the future style of fountains in Italy. The Fountain of the River Gods at the Villa Lante, Bagnaia 1, and the Fountain of the Mugnone arranged between flights of stairs on the main axis of the Villa Pratolino are further illustrations of this type of structure.

Rather than creating fountains based on his own genius, Michelangelo was doomed to integrating conventional elements into Roman-styled structures. The Florentine maestro was instructed by Julius III (1550-1555) to design a distinctive fountain to be placed at the top of the passage of the Belvedere in the Vatican. The fountain was to be decorated with a marble sculpture of Moses striking a stone from which water flowed. Unfortunately for the sculptor, this idea was denied because it would take a lot of time to build and a classical statue of Cleopatra was used instead. It was considered easier to use a classical sculpture above the fountain rather than have the illustrious artist design a totally new figure.


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