Garden Water Fountain Designers Through History

341_do__53887.jpg Often working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the late 18th century, fountain designers were multi-talented individuals, Leonardo da Vinci, a Renaissance artist, was celebrated as an imaginative genius, inventor and scientific master. With his tremendous curiosity concerning the forces of nature, he examined the properties and mobility of water and carefully recorded his observations in his now recognized notebooks. Combining creativity with hydraulic and gardening expertise, early Italian water fountain designers changed private villa settings into innovative water displays filled with emblematic implications and natural charm. The humanist Pirro Ligorio, renowned for his virtuosity in archeology, architecture and garden design, offered the vision behind the wonders in Tivoli. Well versed in humanist subject areas and established scientific readings, other water fountain makers were masterminding the phenomenal water marbles, water features and water pranks for the numerous properties around Florence.

Water Features Common in Japanese Gardens

No Japanese garden is finished without a water element. You will often see Japanese water fountains in the doorway of a temple or home due to the fact that they are considered symbolic of physical and spiritual purification. Since water is supposed to be the focal point of a fountain, you will notice that the designs are kept very straightforward.

You will also see many fountains that have spouts made of bamboo. The basin, which tends to be made of stones, receives the water as it trickles down from the bamboo spout. People generally make them seem weathered and worn, even when they are new. So that the fountain looks at one with nature, people customarily enhance it with natural stones, pretty flowers, and plants. To the owner of the fountain, it obviously is more than just attractive decor.

For something a bit more unique, start with a bed of gravel, add a stone fountain, and then decorate it artistically with live bamboo and other natural elements. The idea is that over time it will start to look more and more like a natural part of the surroundings, as moss slowly grows over the stones.

Anyone who has an extensive space to work with can, of course, install a much bigger water feature. Give some thought to adding a delightful final touch like a pond filled with koi or a tiny stream.

Water, however, does not have to be used in a Japanese fountain. Lots of people choose to represent water with sand, gravel, or rocks rather than putting in actual water. Natural rocks that are flat and laid out tightly together can be used to give the illusion of running water.

Suggestions for the Choosing the Ideal Water Feature for You

When you are choosing a water fountain, make sure you give some thought to where you will place it. Any high-traffic areas such as driveways, entryways, or roundabouts are perfect spots to install one.

There are models such as wall fountains created especially to be positioned against a flat surface. If you look on the back, you will notice a bar or some other piece to affix it against a wall, grate or fence. There are many natural hazards such as wind or animals which can knock over your fountain if you do not securely attach it to the wall, so do not fail to do this immediately.

A typical place to add a garden sculpture is mainly in areas where people gather to sit back and enjoy the scenery.

The Fountains

Towns and villages relied on functional water fountains to conduct water for cooking, washing, and cleaning from local sources like lakes, channels, or creeks.

In the days before electric power, the spray of fountains was powered by gravity exclusively, commonly using an aqueduct or water supply located far away in the surrounding mountains. Inspirational and impressive, large water fountains have been crafted as monuments in many societies. If you saw the 1st fountains, you wouldn't recognize them as fountains. Designed for drinking water and ceremonial purposes, the first fountains were simple carved stone basins. The first stone basins are thought to be from about 2000 BC. Early fountains used in ancient civilizations depended on gravity to regulate the flow of water through the fountain. These historic water fountains were created to be functional, frequently situated along aqueducts, creeks and waterways to supply drinking water. Fountains with flowery decoration started to show up in Rome in about 6 B.C., commonly gods and wildlife, made with stone or bronze. The people of Rome had an elaborate system of aqueducts that delivered the water for the many fountains that were located throughout the community.

The Distribution of Water Fountain Industrial Knowledge in Europe

The published documents and illustrated books of the time contributed to the development of scientific technology, and were the chief means of transmitting useful hydraulic facts and water feature suggestions throughout Europe. An un-named French fountain developer was an internationally celebrated hydraulic pioneer in the late 1500's.

His competence in making gardens and grottoes with integrated and ingenious water features began in Italy and with mandates in Brussels, London and Germany. He wrote a book titled “The Principles of Moving Forces” toward the conclusion of his lifetime while in France which came to be the essential tome on hydraulic mechanics and engineering. Modernizing vital hydraulic findings of classical antiquity, the publication also details modern hydraulic technologies. The water screw, a mechanical way to move water, and invented by Archimedes, was featured in the book. Two concealed vessels heated by sunlight in an area adjacent to the ornamental water fountain were shown in an illustration. The end result: the fountain is stimulated by the heated liquid expanding and rising up the pipes. The book furthermore covers garden ponds, water wheels, water feature creations.

Introducing Feng Shui into Your Garden

When applied to your yard, feng shui design will bring its healthy energy into your home as well.

When adding feng shui design into your gardden, even a very small space is adequate. A huge area is great for those fortunate enough to have it, but a smaller area can still be useful in feng shui design.

Feng shui tools are identical whether you are working in your garden or your residence. As the energy map, or bagua, of your garden is an extension of your house’s bagua, you will need to start by knowing the bagua of the house.

Before getting underway, make sure you comprehend the five elements of feng shui so that you can make the most of their energy.

The Earth element, for example, should be located in the northeast section of your garden which is linked to the personal growth and self-cultivation energy in feng shui design. A Zen garden with some lovely natural rocks is perfect for that spot, as the rocks represent the Earth element.

Southeast (money and abundance), East (health & family), and North (career & path in life) are feng shui areas perfect for a water feature.

The Early, Largely Ignored, Water-Moving Plan

Unfortuitously, Agrippa’s great plan for raising water was not cited much following 1588, when Andrea Bacci praised it in public. It might have turned out to be outdated when the Villa Medici was able to receive water from the Acqua Felice, the early contemporary aqueduct, in 1592. Its utilization could very well have been brief but Camillo Agrippa’s invention occupied a prominent place in history as the most spectacular water-lifting hardware of its type in Italy prior to the modern era. It might go against the force of gravity to lift water to Renaissance landscapes, supplying them in a way other late 16th century designs like scenographic water displays, melodious water fountains and giochi d’acqua or water caprices, were not.


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