The Original Outdoor Water Features

Water fountains were at first practical in purpose, used to convey water from canals or creeks to cities and villages, providing the residents with clean water to drink, wash, and prepare food with. A supply of water higher in elevation than the fountain was required to pressurize the movement and send water spraying from the fountain's nozzle, a system without equal until the late 19th century. a_525__07264.jpg Frequently used as monuments and commemorative structures, water fountains have inspired people from all over the world all through the ages. When you see a fountain at present, that is not what the first water fountains looked like. The very first accepted water fountain was a rock basin created that served as a container for drinking water and ceremonial functions. 2000 B.C. is when the oldest known stone fountain basins were originally used. The very first civilizations that utilized fountains depended on gravity to force water through spigots. The placement of the fountains was influenced by the water source, which is why you’ll commonly find them along aqueducts, canals, or streams. The people of Rome began constructing ornate fountains in 6 B.C., most of which were metallic or stone masks of animals and mythological heroes. The Romans had an intricate system of aqueducts that furnished the water for the countless fountains that were situated throughout the city.

Bernini: The Genius Behind Italy's Greatest Water Fountains

The Barcaccia, Bernini's very first water fountain, is a striking chef d'oeuvre built at the bottom of the Trinita dei Monti in Piaza di Spagna. To this day, this area is flooded with Roman locals and travelers alike who enjoy conversation and each other's company. Today, the city streets around Bernini's fountain are a trendy place where people go to gather, something which the artist would have been pleased to learn. In about 1630, the great artist designed the first fountain of his career at the behest of Pope Ubano VIII. People can now see the fountain as an illustration of a great ship gradually sinking into the Mediterranean. The great 16th century flood of the Tevere, which left the entire region inundated with water, was memorialized by the water fountain according to writings from the period. Absenting himself from Italy only once in his life for a prolonged time period, in 1665 Bernini voyaged to France.

Chatsworth Garden: The Cascade Fountain

The Cascade garden fountain creates a spectacular garden centerpiece at the rear of Chatsworth House. Expanding down the hillside for 200 yards towards the home is a series of 24 irregularly spread stone steps. Completely gravity fed, the Cascade too is dependent on a 17th century French design. Remaining unmodified since its inception, this water fountain was originally created for the first Duke of Devonshire in 1696.

Standing at the peak of the fountain is the Cascade House, from which water flows downward. Embellished on the outside of the house with sea creatures in bas-relief, the home is a small building. Water pressure to the Cascade can be boosted on important occasions, meaning the Cascade House becomes part of the Cascade display, as water circulates through conduits on its roof and from the mouths of its carved marine creatures, just before continuing straight down the Cascade. The sounds of the water falling fluctuates as it descends down the Cascades because of the slight variation in the size of each and every step thereby creating a great and calming complement to a trek through the gardens. In 2004, Chatsworth's Cascade was voted the best water fountain in England.

Use a Outdoor Fountain To Help Improve Air Quality

You can liven up your surroundings by installing an indoor wall fountain. Your senses and your health can benefit from the putting in of one of these indoor features. If you doubt the benefits of water fountains, just look at the research supporting this theory. Modern-day appliances create positive ions which are balanced out by the negative ions released by water features. The negative ions generated by these types of water features overtake the positive ones resulting in positive changes to both your psychological and physical health. They also raise serotonin levels, so you start to feel more alert, relaxed and revitalized. The negative ions produced by indoor wall fountains promote a better mood as well as get rid of air impurities from your home. They also help to reduce allergies, contaminants as well as other types of irritants. And lastly, dust contaminants and microbes in the air are removed and lead to improved health.

Incorporating Feng Shui into Your Garden

Introduce feng shui design to the layout of your yard so it can bring energy into your residence.

Size is not the most important consideration when incorporating feng shui design to your garden. It is fabulous to have a huge space to work with, but do not worry if the area is small since you can always introduce feng shui design.

Whether you are bringing feng shui design to your home or garden, the approaches are the same. In order to understand the energy map, or bagua, of your garden, you will first need to know your home’s bagua.

There are five elements in feng shui theory, and you should know how to utilize each of them to intensify the energy.

The Earth element, for example, should be integrated in the northeast section of your garden which is linked to the personal growth and self-cultivation energy in feng shui design. This could be the perfect spot to put a meditative Zen garden with some beautiful stones because these represent the Earth element in feng shui.

Southeast (money and abundance), East (health & family), and North (career & path in life) are feng shui areas ideal for a water element.

How Useful is a Wall Fountain in your Waiting Room?

Patients feel the difference on their state of mind as well as on the environment of the room when there is a water element on display at the doctor’s or dentist’s office. It may be that you have considered displaying one in your office's waiting area. A number of businesses such as a newly established or renovated dealership, medical office, tax office, or spa might benefit from having one in the waiting room.

people waiting for an appointment or meeting for a long period of time usually become more agitated. The wait might cause them to regularly check the time while thinking about everything they have yet to do. They may not even notice the ticking clock when there is a wall water fountain on show in your waiting room. The sound and look of gently flowing water produce a state of peace and help calm the mind.

As soon as the weather gets either hot or cool, most companies turn on the heat or the air conditioning in their waiting rooms. The environment is typically dry in such conditions. The amount of moisture produced by your wall fountain is just enough to make the environment comfortable but not enough to make it humid. This balance is good for both you and the employees who work in this environment the entire day. The dry air contributes to making you prone to ailments since it affects the mucous membranes. This sort of environment {contributes|leads to chapped lips, dry skin, itchy eyes, lifeless hair, and brittle nails. Water fountains serve as great natural humidifiers.

Moreover, wall water fountains produce sufficient sounds to muffle unwanted clamor making the environment more agreeable. Medical equipment, phones, faxes, and office jabber produce irritating noises. While the noises your guests hear will be less disturbing, they will not be completely cancelled out.

Fountains also contribute to a nice setting and make a good impression. Getting one of these might give you the unique selling point you need. Additionally, your corporate name or your logo on a wall fountain can become a unique marketing tool.

Gardens of Chatworth and the "Revelation" Water Feature

Designed by popular British sculptor Angela Conner, Revelation is the latest addition to the Chatsworth ornamental exterior fountains. In commemoration of the Queen’s 80th birthday, she was commissioned by the late 11th Duke of Devonshire to create a limited edition bust of Queen Elizabeth made of brass and steel in 2004. Jack Pond, one of Chatsworth’s most venerable ponds, had “Revelation” installed in 1999. The four big steel petals close and open with the circulation of water, alternately concealing and revealing a gold colored globe at the sculpture’s heart. A metal globe finished with gold dust was incorporated into the sculpture, which stands five meters in height and five meters in width. This latest water fountain is an exciting and interesting addition to the Gardens of Chatsworth, unique in that the movement of the flower petals is totally powered by water.


The Intriguing Beginnings of the Wall Water Fountain
The Roman scholar Pope Nicholas V (1397-1455) took the initiative to have hundreds of ancient Greek texts translated into Latin. Continuing to build the city's reputation, he ordered the rebuilding of the damaged Acqua Vergine aqueduct in 1453.... read more
The Dissemination of Outdoor Fountain Design Technology
Throughout Europe, the chief means of spreading useful hydraulic information and fountain design suggestions were the published pamphlets and illustrated books of the day, which contributed to the evolution of scientific innovation. ... read more
"Old School" Fountain Designers
Often working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and highly educated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the later part of the 18th century,... read more
The Original Garden Fountain Artists
Frequently working as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars, all in one, fountain designers were multi-talented individuals from the 16th... read more
Water Fountains: The Minoan Society
Fountains and Water and the Minoan Civilization These were used to supply urban centers with water as well as to minimize flooding and get rid of waste material. Virtually all were made from terracotta or stone. There were terracotta pipes, both round and... read more
The Minoan Society: Garden Fountains
On the Greek island of Crete, digs have unearthed channels of several sorts. These were applied to furnish urban centers with water as well as to... read more