The Source of Today's Garden Water Fountains

Hundreds of ancient Greek documents were translated into Latin under the authority of the scholarly Pope Nicholas V, who ruled the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455. It was imperative for him to embellish the city of Rome to make it worthy of being called the capital of the Christian world. In 1453 the Pope instigated the rebuilding of the Aqua Vergine, an historic Roman aqueduct which had carried fresh drinking water into the city from eight miles away. A mostra, a monumental celebratory fountain built by ancient Romans to mark the point of entry of an aqueduct, was a tradition which was revived by Nicholas V. At the behest of the Pope, architect Leon Battista Alberti undertook the construction of a wall fountain in the spot where we now find the Trevi Fountain. brk_343_5_1__13121.jpg The water which eventually supplied the Trevi Fountain as well as the famed baroque fountains in the Piazza del Popolo and Piazza Navona came from the modified aqueduct which he had renovated.

Architectural Sculpture in Early Greece

Sculptors garnished the lavish columns and archways with renderings of the gods until the time came to a close and more Greeks had begun to think of their theology as superstitious rather than sacred; at that point, it grew to be more common for sculptors be paid to portray everyday people as well. Portraiture came to be commonplace as well, and would be embraced by the Romans when they conquered the Greeks, and on occasion well-off households would order a representation of their progenitors to be positioned inside their grand familial tombs. A time of artistic enhancement, the use of sculpture and alternate art forms transformed through the Greek Classical period, so it is not entirely accurate to assume that the arts served only one function. Greek sculpture is probably appealing to us at present seeing that it was an avant-garde experiment in the ancient world, so it doesn't matter whether its original function was religious zeal or artistic pleasure.

Water Transport Strategies in Early Rome

Rome’s first raised aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; before that, citizens living at higher elevations had to depend on local springs for their water. If citizens living at higher elevations did not have accessibility to springs or the aqueduct, they’d have to rely on the other existing technologies of the day, cisterns that compiled rainwater from the sky and subterranean wells that drew the water from below ground. To provide water to Pincian Hill in the early sixteenth century, they implemented the emerging technique of redirecting the flow from the Acqua Vergine aqueduct’s underground network. As originally constructed, the aqueduct was provided along the length of its channel with pozzi (manholes) constructed at regular intervals. During the some nine years he owned the residence, from 1543 to 1552, Cardinal Marcello Crescenzi made use of these manholes to take water from the channel in containers, though they were previously established for the intent of maintaining and servicing the aqueduct. He didn’t get adequate water from the cistern that he had built on his property to collect rainwater. Thankfully, the aqueduct sat directly below his property, and he had a shaft opened to give him accessibility.

Garden of Chatsworth: The Cascade Water Fountain

Providing a fabulous center of attention to the gardens at the rear of Chatsworth House is the Cascade garden fountain. Twenty-four irregularly positioned stone steps in a series extend 200 yards in the direction of the house and down the hillside. Completely gravity fed, the Cascade too is founded on a 17th century French design. In 1696, this particular water fountain was designed for the first Duke of Devonshire and has remained unchanged ever since that time. Standing at the peak of the fountain is the Cascade House, from which water flows downward. Sea creatures in bas-relief enhance the exterior of the dwelling which is a small construction.

Water pressure to the Cascade can be enhanced on special occasions, meaning the Cascade House becomes part of the Cascade sight, as water spills through conduits on its roof and from the jaws of its carved sea creatures, before proceeding straight down the Cascade. The sound of the water cascading fluctuates as it falls down the Cascades because of the slight variation in the size of each and every step thereby providing a fantastic and restful accompaniment to a trek through the gardens. In 2004, Chatsworth's Cascade, was voted England's best water feature.

The Advantages of a Wall Water Feature in your Waiting Room

Patients recognize the difference on their well being as well as on the ambiance of the room when there is a water feature on display at the doctor’s or dentist’s office. You may have also contemplated the beneficial effects such an element would have in your own business' reception area. Perhaps your new or renovated car showroom, medical practice, tax office, or health spa, among other types of companies, could use one in the waiting room.

Waiting for a long period of time for an appointment or a meeting frequently makes people anxious. They begin to apprehensively look at the clock while worrying about all of the work they should be doing. Guests or patients may overlook long waiting times when they are distracted by the sound of a water wall fountain. Gently trickling water typically serves to calm and sooth the mind.

Depending on the weather conditions, most businesses turn on the air conditioning or heat in their waiting rooms. This causes the air to dry out in these situations. Water from your wall fountain will gradually evaporate, letting off the right amount of moisture into the air but not enough to make the atmosphere uncomfortably humid. This kind of environment will be of benefit to both you and the employees who are in the office all day. Dry air affects the mucous membranes in your body which can make you more vulnerable to illness. Itchy skin, chapped lips, irritated eyes, matte hair, and frail nails are some of the effects of this kind of environment.

Water fountains serve as great natural humidifiers.

In addition, a more comfortable setting is the result of wall water fountains which also help to drown out annoying noises. Medical equipment, phones, faxes, and office chatter create irritating noises. While the noises your guests hear will be less disturbing, they will not be completely cancelled out.

Fountains not only leave your guests with a lasting impression, they contribute to a beneficial ambiance. You can get the competetive edge by purchasing one of these. Including the name of your company or its logo on a wall water fountain gives you a powerful sales tool as well.

Setting Up and Maintaining Large Garden Fountains

A vital first step before installing any outdoor wall feature is to consider the room you have available. A solid wall is definitely necessary to hold up its total weight. Therefore for smaller areas or walls, a light fountain is going to be more appropriate. You will need to have an electrical outlet in proximity to the fountain so it can be powered. Whatever the style of outdoor wall fountain you select, they generally come with easy to follow, step-by-step instructions.

The typical outdoor wall feature is available in an easy-to-use kit that comes with everything you need and more to properly install it. The kit will contain a submersible pump, the hoses and basin (or reservoir). Depending on its size, the basin can normally be hidden quite easily amongst the plants. Once fitted, wall fountains typically only need to have some light maintenance and regular cleaning.

It is vital to replenish the water routinely so that it remains clean. Remember to get rid of debris like leaves, twigs or dirt as fast as possible. Furthermore, outdoor fountains should always be shielded from freezing temperatures in wintertime. Your pump may crack when subjected to freezing water during the cold weather, so it is best to bring it indoors to avoid any damage. Simply put, your outdoor fountain will be a part of your life for many years to come with the proper care and maintenance.

The Benefits of Pond Fountains

When someone mentions fountains, you typically think of the large sculptured ones found in parks, in front of hotels, etc. They are more versatile than people realize, however, and do not need a mansion or public place to seem at home. Your very own garden or yard can be a perfect spot for a pond fountain.

Having one of your own can improve your home in two primary ways. One is the sense of calm and loveliness that fountains create. There is nothing more desirable at the end of an extremely stressful day than the relaxing nature of trickling water. The setting will end up being a bit more elegant, too. Additionally, when you have visitors over, they will want to hang out around your gorgeous fountain, making your get-togethers even more fun.

The second reason for a water feature is to ensure a healthy environment for the fish in your pond. Since it keeps the water pumping constantly, it helps to increase the oxygen level in the pond to the advantage of your fish. The continual movement of the water and the better oxygen levels will make sure your fish stay healthy. You will notice an improvement in your flowers as well.


Acqua Vergine: The Solution to Rome's Water Problems
Rome’s very first elevated aqueduct, Aqua Anio Vetus, was built in 273 BC; before that, residents residing at higher elevations had to rely on natural streams for their water. Outside of these aqueducts and springs, wells... read more
Aqueducts: The Remedy to Rome's Water Troubles
With the construction of the 1st elevated aqueduct in Rome, the Aqua Anio Vetus in 273 BC, individuals who lived on the city’s foothills no longer had to be dependent entirely on... read more
The Minoan Culture: Garden Fountains
On the Greek island of Crete, excavations have unearthed conduits of numerous types. These delivered water and eliminated it, including water from waste and deluges. Rock and terracotta were the materials of choice for these channels. Terracotta was... read more
Attributes of Outdoor Sculpture in Archaic Greece
The Archaic Greeks manufactured the 1st freestanding statuary, an impressive achievement as most sculptures up until then had been reliefs cut into walls and pillars. ... read more
The Earliest Recorded Public Water Fountains of the Historical Past
Towns and communities depended on working water fountains to funnel water for cooking, washing, and cleaning up from nearby sources like lakes, channels, or creeks. The force of gravity was the power supply of water... read more