Water Fountains: Great for Wildlife

Outdoor water features and bird feeders are a natural way to draw in wildlife and pets. Birds need to have water to drink, bathe in, as well a place to groom, or preen. Birds including robins, thrushes, orioles, or warblers like the flow of water from a fountain and are not necessarily drawn to bird feeders. Birds are usually drawn to outdoor fountains because of their flowing water rather than the standing water found in bowl-shaped bird baths. pd-219__75287.jpg Trickling fountains which splash water have a more detectable sound, this attracting even more birds.

Dogs are attracted to fountains because they provide fresh water to drink. During hot months of summer, cats and dogs will be outdoors for the absolute freshest water around. Also, regularly flowing water fountains require less maintenance than the still water of a birdbath that tend to get dirtier.

The Early, Largely Ignored, Water-Moving Alternative

In 1588, Agrippa’s water-lifting invention attracted the notice and admiration of Andrea Bacci but that turned out to be one of the final references of the mechanism. Just years later, in 1592, the earliest modern Roman waterway, the Acqua Felice, was hooked up to the Medici’s villa, possibly making the technology outmoded. Although its success was passing, Camillo Agrippa’s planning for raising water was the wonder of its day, surpassing anything crafted in Italy since the days of classic Rome. It could defy the force of gravity to lift water to Renaissance landscapes, supplying them in a way other late 16th century models which include scenographic water displays, melodious water fountains and giochi d’acqua or water caprices, were not.

Choosing the Ideal Material for your Wall Water Fountain

Selecting the ideal material for your wall mounted fountain is totally up to you.

Given that fiberglass is a sturdy, lightweight, weather proof material, it is a suitable option. Additionally, this type of fountain can be easily shipped and does not require the use of a big truck for delivery.

They are available in many different materials such as stone, clay, wood, and different types of metal, including copper. Copper has become a much sought-after raw material which has brought about a rise in price, but this material remains the best alternative for your fountain. Use cast stone to design a dazzling fountain resembling the traditional Mediterranean wall fountains usually found in Italy, Spain, and France. These extremely sturdy molded features made of cast stone concrete are perfect if you need to place the fountain on the ground against a wall. Built in the USA due to high shipping costs, they are generally available in a multitude of colors.

The Intriguing Origin of the Water Wall Fountain

Countless of ancient Greek documents were translated into Latin under the authority of the scholarly Pope Nicholas V who led the Roman Catholic Church from 1397 to 1455. To further boost his city's reputation, an old aqueduct was rebuilt to improve the supply of fresh drinking water to the city from eight miles away. (This aqueduct is known as the Acqua Vergine) He set out rebuilding it in 1453. In addition, he re-started the Roman custom of marking the terminal point of an aqueduct with a "mostra", a commemorative fountain with a distinct appearance. Pope Nicholas V ordered designer Leon Battista Alberti to build a simple wall fountain where the Trevi Fountain is now located. Wall fountains have their origin in Pope Nicholas V's desire to have an impact on Christianity and at the same time enhance Rome's water supply.

The Roman Water Fountains of Michelangelo

The 16th century saw the creation of the most ancient Roman wall fountains, the works of two celebrated Florentine sculptures, Michelangelo and Ammannati. Michelangelo’s first fountain was completed in 1536 in the Piazza del Campidoglio in Rome and makes up part of the front of the Palazzo Senatorio. The development of a conduit from the Aqua Felice to the Capitol, which allowed for a more beautiful water display, was included years later. Expecting this, Michelangelo had added a more substantial basin styled on the late Cinquecento.

Did the creation of wall fountains begin with the famous artist? The fountain types found in Italy certainly show the influence of his designs. More examples of this sort of structure can be seen in the Fountain of the River Gods at the Villa Lante, Bagnaia 1, and the Fountain of the Mugnone which is located between flights of stairs on the central axis of the Villa Pratolino.

Regrettably, Michelangelo was destined to put his own talents aside and combine conventional elements into fountains based on Roman styles. A brand-new fountain at the top of the Belvedere in the Vatican was authorized by Julius III (1550-1555) and it fell to the talented artist to create a unique structure. A marble figure of Moses striking a rock streaming water was to be built as decoration for the fountain. The idea of the Moses figure was rejected, however, because of the time it would take to build it and was therefore replaced by an antique image of Cleopatra. A design by the well-known artist was thought to be too time-consuming, therefore, an ancient figure placed above the fountain seemed to be a better choice.

The Effect of the Norman Conquest on Anglo-Saxon Landscaping

The arrival of the Normans in the 2nd half of the eleventh century irreparably improved The Anglo-Saxon lifestyle. At the time of the conquest, the Normans surpassed the Anglo-Saxons in building design and cultivation. However, there was no time for home life, domesticated design, and adornment until the Normans had conquered the whole realm. Monasteries and castles served separate purposes, so while monasteries were enormous stone structures constructed in only the most fruitful, wide dales, castles were set upon blustery knolls where the occupants focused on understanding offensive and defensive tactics. The serene practice of gardening was not viable in these bleak bastions. Berkeley Castle is perhaps the most intact model in existence at present of the early Anglo-Norman form of architecture. The keep is reported to have been conceived during the time of William the Conqueror.

A spacious terrace recommended for strolling and as a way to stop enemies from mining under the walls runs around the building. One of these terraces, a charming bowling green, is covered grass and flanked by an aged yew hedge trimmed into the figure of crude battlements.

The Original Fountain Designers

Often serving as architects, sculptors, artists, engineers and cultivated scholars all in one, from the 16th to the late 18th century, fountain designers were multi-talented people, Throughout the Renaissance, Leonardo da Vinci illustrated the creator as a inspired genius, inventor and scientific virtuoso. The forces of nature guided him to examine the properties and movement of water, and due to his curiosity, he carefully captured his observations in his now famed notebooks. Early Italian water feature builders transformed private villa configurations into inspiring water showcases complete of emblematic meaning and natural beauty by combining creativity with hydraulic and gardening expertise. The brilliance in Tivoli were provided by the humanist Pirro Ligorio, who was renowned for his skill in archeology, architecture and garden design. Well versed in humanistic subject areas as well as classical scientific readings, other fountain creators were masterminding the extraordinary water marbles, water attributes and water jokes for the countless properties near Florence.


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